All About Hats

Duration: 1st April – 30th September 2019
Number of books: 27
Hosted by:Crazy Challenge Connection

Hats have been worn for thousands of years, by both men and women. As you might expect, they have been developed for a variety of reasons (protection, ceremonies, rituals, fashion), with many different types. Let’s take a look at the history of hats, then see what different styles are available. 
Information gathered from Wikipedia

Part 1: Hat Facts
Complete a task from all 12 of the facts below.

1. Generally speaking, a hat is simply a covering for the head. Hats are worn for various reasons, from fashion to protection, for ceremonies and rituals, for women and men. They were markings of a class to which a wearer belonged and are used to differentiate nationalities, branches and ranks in military.
❀ Read a book showing a hat (of any kind) on the cover (show us the cover) – or – a book with the letters H-A-T in the title, in that order but not necessarily in the same word.Laughing All the Way to the Mosque by Zarqa Nawaz

2. One of the first pictorial depictions of a hat appears in a tomb painting from Egypt, showing a man wearing a conical straw hat, dated to @3200 BC. Many an upper-class Egyptian would shave his head, covering it in a headdress intended to help them keep cool.
❀ Read a book set in Egypt – or – a book with at least two of the following numbers (3, 2, 0, or 0) in the total number of pages (tell us how many).Midnight Thief by Livia Blackburne (400 pp.)

3. One of the earliest known confirmed hats was worn by a Bronze Age man whose body was found frozen in a mountain between Austria and Italy where he’d been since about 3,300 BC. He was wearing a bearskin cap with a chin strap, made of several hides stitched together, essentially resembling a Russian fur hat without the flaps. 
❀ Read a book set in an ancient civilization (at least 1000 years ago – or – a book with a mountain on the cover (show us the cover).Circe by Madeline Miller

4. Millinery is the design and manufacture of hats. The term is derived from the city of Milan, Italy, since the best quality hats were made there in the 18th century. Millinery began as traditionally a woman’s occupation, as the milliner not only created hats and bonnets but also chose lace, trim and accessories to complete an outfit. 
❀ Read a book whose title ENDS with Y – or – a book set in the 1700’s.Any Given Doomsday by Lori Handeland

5. Some hats have a protective function. For example, the hard hat protects construction workers’ heads from injury by falling objects, a cowboy hat protects against sun and rain, and a fur hat keeps the head and ears warm. Some hats are worn for ceremonial purposes, such as the mortarboard, worn during graduation ceremonies, while other hats are worn by members of a certain profession, such as a chef’s toque. Still more hats have religious functions, such as the mitres worn by bishops and the turban worn by Sikhs.
❀ Read a book with a MAIN character who is in one of these professions: construction worker, professor, chef, or religious leader (tell us who) – or – a book with some sort of ceremony as part of the plot (graduation, wedding, dinner party, etc.)Spellbook of the Lost and Found by Moira Fowley-Doyle (party and a spell casting)

6. For both men and women, the size, shape, and design of hats changed with fashion and hairstyles, economic and social changes, wars, and rationing.
❀ Read a book with a man AND a woman on the cover (show us the cover) – or – a book that covers a long span of time, at least 50 years.Magnus Chase and the Hammer of Thor by Rick Riordan

7. One of the basic materials for hats is felt. Ancient Egyptians found felt when they noticed that camel hair falling into sandals becomes compact from pressure and moistness. Native Americans found felt in their fur moccasins. St. Clement, the patron saint of felt hatmakers, is said to have discovered wool felt when he filled his sandals with flax fibers to protect his feet, around 800 AD.
❀ Read a book with a Native American character (tell us who) – or – a book showing feet or shoes or sandals on the cover (show us the cover).Halfway to the Grave by Jeaniene Frost

8. The tradition of wearing hats to horse racing events began at Royal Ascot in Britain, which maintains a strict dress code. At Ascot, they still reach the peak of excitement on Gold Cup Day, known since 1807 as Ladies Day, when the men wear traditional top hats, and the Queen, along with hundreds of women from all classes wear spectacular chapeaux. Large picture hats (also called “cartwheels”) are the most common, but what gets attention and appears in press coverage are photos of the most novel hats, featuring intriguing images, such as a dartboard, cellular telephone, flying saucers, Astroturf, or a birdcage.
❀ Read a book set in England – or – a book with a horse involved in the story.The Last Battle by C.S. Lewis

9. In the early 21st century, flamboyant hats made a comeback, with a new wave of competitive young milliners designing creations that include turban caps, trompe-l’oeil-effect felt hats and tall headpieces made of human hair. Some new hat collections have been described as “wearable sculpture.”
❀ Read a book originally published in the early 21st century (2000-2010) – or – a book with a character who is a sculptor or other type of artist (tell us who).Burning Up by Angela Knight, Nalini Singh, Virginia Kantra & Meljean Brook (2010)

10. A notable effort at reigniting interest in millinery was the 1983 opening of the Hat Making Museum in Chazelles-sur-Lyon, France. Its permanent exhibition presents a chronological display of hats from 1850 on, and temporary shows include the results from its biennial International Contest of Hat Designers, which in 2003 drew 176 hats from 16 countries, including Canada, the United States, Australia, and Japan.
❀ Read a book originally published in a YEAR that contains a “3” (tell us when) – or – a book with 176 or fewer pages (but must be at least 150 pages).Snow White, Blood Red edited by Ellen Datlow & Terri Windling (1993)

11. Festivals have also helped popularize hats. From the 1880’s to the 1940’s, supported by the millinery manufacturers, Easter Sunday parades were held in American cities. These encouraged American women to annually buy or retrim their Easter bonnets, dress-up their daughters, and walk down main streets. The 1948 film Easter Parade had Fred Astaire and Judy Garland participate in a reenactment of this New York Fifth Avenue event.
❀ Read a book that mentions any holiday (bonus if it’s Easter) – or – a book set in New York City.Life in Outer Space by Melissa Keil (school holidays)

12. Paris celebrates Saint Catherine of Alexandria, patroness of maidens and milliners, each November 25th. Unmarried women, especially those working in the millinery trade, who are known as “Catherinettes,” wear extravagant hats to parties held in their honor. In earlier times, their goal was to catch a husband with the saint’s assistance.
❀ Read a book with a character whose FIRST name starts with “C” – or – a book published in November (any year, but tell us which one).Bit the Jackpot by Erin McCarthy (Cara)

Part 2 – Hat Styles
Choose 15 of the following hat styles and complete the task. (You do NOT need to choose the tasks in advance.)

1. – Akubra – An Australian brand of bush hat whose wide-brimmed styles are a distinctive part of Australian culture, especially in rural areas.
❀ Read a book set in Australia OR with an Australian character (tell us who).Dark Emu by Bruce Pascoe (the entire book is about Australia and Australian First Peoples)

2. – Balaclava – Usually made from cotton or polyester, it covers the whole head, exposing only the face or part of it. Sometimes only the eyes or eyes and mouth are visible.
❀ Read a book with at least 4 A’s in the title.

3. – Baseball Cap – A soft, light cotton cap with a rounded crown and a stiff, frontward-projecting bill.
❀ Read a book with a character who is a professional athlete (doesn’t have to be baseball).

4. – Bearskin – The tall, furry hat of the Brigade of Guards’ full-dress uniform, originally designed to protect them against sword-cuts, etc. Commonly seen at Buckingham Palace in London, England.
❀ Read a book set in London.The Iron Duke by Meljean Brook

5. – Beret/Military beret – Evolved from a French Pyrenean shepherd’s hat to the most widely worn military hat in the world. A French mountain regiment, les chasseurs alpines, always wore dark red berets and presented one to British Field Marshal Montgomery after World War I. He wore this beret, called “tarte alpine” during his command of the British forces during World War II.
❀ Read a book set during World War I OR World War II.

6. – Boater – A flat-brimmed, flat-topped straw hat formerly worn by seamen, this became popular in the 19th and 20th centuries. Now mostly worn at summer regattas or formal garden parties, often with a ribbon in club or school colors.
❀ Read a book set in the summer months (June, July, August).

7. – Bowler/Derby – The bowler hat, called derby in the United States, was designed in 1849. It quickly became a classic wardrobe item and a quintessential badge of Englishness. Named after John and William Bowler, hatters from the north of England, it became the first mass-produced hat in history. A young English aristocrat who wanted a new hunting hat ordered the original design. He wanted a brown, round-crowned felt hat, practical and hard wearing, but also dashing and modern. Most importantly, the hat was to be hard and protective as it was to be used for riding. The earl of Derby introduced the hat to the U.S., hence the name given to it there.
❀ Read a book with a brown hat on the cover (show us the cover).

8. – Cartwheel Hat – Wide-brimmed and shallow-crowned, normally worn at an angle. Popular from the 1910’s but most closely associated with fashion in the 40’s and 50’s. Also known as a pancake hat.
❀ Read a book with a circular shape on the cover (show us the cover).Hotel Valhalla by Rick Riordan

9. – Cloche Hat – A bell-shaped ladies’ hat popular during the Roaring Twenties.
❀ Read a book set in the 1920’s.The Radium Girls by Kate Moore

10. – Deerstalker – A warm, close-fitting tweed cap, with brims front and behind and ear-flaps that can be tied together either over the crown or under the chin. Originally designed for use while hunting in Scotland. Worn by (and closely associated with) the character Sherlock Holmes.
❀ Read a book marked “Mystery > Crime” OR “Mystery > Detective” on its main genre page.

11. – Dunce Cap – A conical hat, usually tall and narrow, worn by late-19th and early-20th century school pupils as a punishment/humiliation. It often featured a large capital “D” inscribed on its side, to be shown frontwards when the hat was worn.
❀ Read a book whose title starts with “D” (Must start with D, INCLUDING A, An, The).Dragon Bones by Patricia Briggs

12. – Fascinator – A small hat commonly made with feathers, flowers and/or beads. It attaches to the hair by a comb, headband or clip.
❀ Read a book with feathers or flowers on the cover (show us the cover).Black Feathers edited by Ellen Datlow

13. – Gatsby – A soft brimmed hat popular in New York after the turn of the century made from eight quarter panels. Also known as a newsboy cap.
❀ Read a book with “8” in the number of pages (tell us how many).Unbound by Kim Harrison, Melissa Marr, Jeaniene Frost, Vicki Pettersson & Jocelynn Drake (358 pp.)

14. – Half Hat – Millinery design that covers only half the head, particularly popular in the 1950’s.
❀ Read a combination of half-step books to reach the minimum page requirement of 150 pages.Dates from Hell by Kim Harrison, Lynsay Sands, Kelley Armstrong & Lori Handeland (contains four novellas to reach the requirement)

15. – Hennin – A woman’s hat of the Middle Ages. This style includes the conical “princess” hats often seen in illustrations of folk-tale princesses.
❀ Read a book featuring a prince or princess.

16. – Homburg – A semi-formal hat with a medium brim and crown with a crease and no dents. The homburg was originally German, named after its city of origin. The American fedora and the slightly smaller British version, the trilby, are derived from this original design.
❀ Read a book with an author whose first and last name start with the same letter.Percy Jackson: The Ultimate Guide by Rick Riordan

17. – Panama – A straw hat handwoven in Ecuador and shipped through the Panama Canal, which gave the hat its name. This was the summer hat for the modern man around the turn of the 20th century. Growing and preparing the straw was a lengthy procedure and so was the weaving of a hat, which could take a skilled worker up to 4 weeks. With not many skilled hat weavers left in Ecuador, this hat has become a collector’s item.
❀ Read a book that you’ve “collected” – meaning you’ve purchased it because it’s special to you. (Tell us why it has been added to your collection.)Coraline by Neil Gaiman (I loved the movie and love the author)

18. – Peach Basket Hat – A woman’s hat resembling an upturned fruit basket. Usually lavishly trimmed, it achieved notoriety in the early 1900’s.
❀ Read a book with a two-word title (all words count).High Stakes by Erin McCarthy

19. – Santa Hat – A floppy pointed red hat trimmed in white fur traditionally associated with Christmas.
❀ Read a book in which Christmas is celebrated.

20. – Shepherdess Hat – Popular throughout most of the 18th century, in varying brim widths, these hats were considered necessary to keep the sun away from fair complexions, especially as the parasol was not a fashionable accessory during this period.
❀ Read a book with a sunny daytime scene on the cover (show us the cover).Legally Blonde by Amanda Brown

21. – Stetson/Cowboy Hat – A high-crowned, wide-brimmed hat, with a sweatband on the inside, and a decorative hat band on the outside. It is a truly American hat with its origins in Philadelphia, where John Batterson Stetson established his first hat factory in the 1880’s. The making of a modern Stetson is still based on the old techniques of felting and blocking, requiring thirteen different stages in production, thus making the hat very costly.
❀ Read Book #13 from a series (tell us the series).

22. – Top Hat – Also known as a magician’s or stovepipe hat. Tall, flat-crowned, cylindrical and popular with men in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Once made from felted beaver fur, it became the hat worn by postrevolution aristocracy and an emblem of conservative capitalism. Its origins were far less formal.
❀ Read a book with a wealthy character (tell us who).The Thieves of Ostia by Caroline Lawrence (Cordius)

23. – Toque – A tall, pleated, brimless, cylindrical hat traditionally worn by chefs.
❀ Read a book with a character who is a chef or cook.The Kitchen Witch by Annette Blair

24. – Tricorn – A soft hat with a low crown and broad brim, pinned up on either side of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape. Worn by Europeans in the 18th century. Individuality was achieved by wearing the hat either pointing to the front or to the side and by adding different decorations like feather fringes and cockades.
❀ Read a book with a triangular shape showing somewhere on the cover (show us the cover). Be creative.Stealing Snow by Danielle Paige (the main picture is in the triangle)

25. – Zucchetto – A skullcap worn by clerics typically in Roman Catholicism.
❀ Read a book with a character whose name starts with “Z” (tell us who).

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